Bubonic Plague, Septicemic Plague and Pneumonic Plague are the three types of the plague. Yersinia Pestis – the bacteria cause this deadly yet curable disease.
The plague is one of the diseases that can be transmitted quite easily from one to another organism. Rats, mice, fleas, squirrels and rabbits might act as transmitting agents. By biting or contacting the infected objects, they become carriers of the bacteria to pass it on to the unaffected animals or people.
Many people think that the plague was a disease to be found in the ancient ages and there is not anymore existence of it in the modern times, but the reality is that still hundreds of people around the globe are diagnosed with this very disease every year, including more than five cases occurring in the US alone. Africa, Peru and India are the other areas with the plague.
It’s not very probable for most of the people to catch the bacteria but in case you happen to travel to an area with the plague or contact an infected animal or person, the chances of getting the disease are very obvious. Once a person or animal catches the bacteria, they might observe the symptoms of the disease within a week. The signs include fever, headache, vomiting and chills.
The detailed overview of all the three types of the disease is given below:
This is the most primary type of the disease. In this type of plague, the patient would find buboes, lymph nodes in the neck, groin or armpits. It’s very crucial to immediately start the remedy in order to prevent the bacteria to spread into the body parts.
The plague is termed as Septicemic Plague if the bacteria enters the blood. The insertion of the bacteria into the blood makes it very terrible disease which is still curable. The common signs of this type are: Abdominal pain, diarrhea, blackened skin and bleeding from the nose and mouth.
This is least occurring type of the disease and it is referred to as PP if the bacteria infect the lungs. The patient may suffer a quick death in case of a delayed treatment. This is the most infectious form as it can spread when the patient coughs.
Nausea, hard breathing, cough and bleeding are the common signs of the disease.
In case you find yourself in an area with the plague and observe any of the symptoms, visit a doctor and get your blood and sliva tested. The doctor may prescribe you strong antibiotics like Gentamicin, Ciprofoxacin or Doxycycline to kill the bacteria.
There is no vaccination for this bacteria, so you must take precautionary measures in order to prevent the disease. Do not unnecessarily visit the affected areas and keep your house protected from the transmitting organisms as mentioned above and use mask and gloves before you contact an animal or infected person.