50 years ago, for the first time, three human beings passed the Fiestas out of their world.
Apollo 8 was the second manned mission of the Apollo Space Program of the United States. The mission began on December 21, 1968, and was the first manned mission to leave Earth orbit, reach and orbit the Moon and finally return to Earth.
The Apollo 8 mission NASA had originally been intended as Apollo 9 and its launch is planned for early 1969 as a second test of the Apollo spacecraft, including the Lunar Module (LM) and the command module and service ( CSM) in medium Earth orbit.
Advance of technology
The Apollo 8 mission was a technological triumph, given that it provided all the keys of space navigation to reach the Moon since no one had reached that far until that moment. And also a media hit, as it left behind any Soviet initiative. With Apollo 8 the road to the Moon was definitively opened at Christmas 1968. To concretize the feat in July 1969 with the mythical Apollo 11.
In addition, Apollo 8 (and essentially NASA ) saved the year 1968, which had been chaotic for Americans, since months earlier they had killed Senator Robert Kennedy (brother of President John F., also killed in an attack in 1963) and the famous black pacifist leader Martin Luther King, at the same time as the Vietnam War, began to intensify. But the aerospace mission left all that behind on that Christmas.